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Eye Problems

Short Sightedness (Myopia)

This occurs when light focuses in front of the retina and causes a blur in the distance. It often develops during the early teenage years and is often noticed when the blackboard becomes difficult to read.
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Long Sightedness (Hypermetropia)

This occurs when the eye naturally can't focus light onto the retina and its point of focus is behind the retina. Most young children are longsighted but often grow out of it. Headaches after concentrated work are often a sign that someone is long sighted and may benefit from glasses.
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Astigmatism

This occurs when the front of the eye is shaped more like a rugby ball rather than a football. People who suffer from this type of refractive error may screw up their eyes or be sensitive to light.
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Presbyopia (Ageing Eye)

As we become older the eye loses its range over which it can focus. This is due to many normal factors but the main problem is the thickening and hardening of the lens inside the eye. The classic sign of this process taking place is having to hold the newspaper further away and usually occurs in the mid to late 40's.
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Glaucoma

This eye disease affects the optic nerve at the back of the eye and eventually if left untreated will reduce the field of vision that a person sees. It is often characterised by a higher than normal pressure inside the eye although it is now known that lower pressures may also cause problems in some eyes. It is important to tell Jonathan if a close relative has been diagnosed with glaucoma, as there is a slight increased risk of developing the disease. The main point to remember that if the condition is detected at an early stage then it can be treated.
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Macular Degeneration

This occurs when the central area of the retina (Macula) becomes effectively worn out and the delicate cells stop working. As such it is usually an age related condition more prevalent in the over 60's.

There are two types of macular degeneration:

1. Dry - where the visual cells stop working. This accounts for about 90% of cases and at present this type is mostly untreatable.

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2. Wet - where there is leakage from delicate blood vessels in the macula that eventually causes scarring to take place. This type is treatable in some cases.

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Will I go blind ?
No, it is only the very central area that becomes affected so you still maintain your peripheral vision, which enables you to get about. Tasks like reading and television can often be improved with low visual aids. Jonathan conducts clinics at 2 local hospitals for patients with these types of problems.