Myopia is more commonly known as short-sightedness or near-sightedness.
Myopia occurs because the focusing power of the eye is too strong or the eye is physically too long.
This results in the light rays focusing in front of the back of the eye, so vision is blurred.
Research suggests that multiple factors contribute to developing Myopia and its increase from eye growth, these include:
Although conventional spectacle lenses correct the central vision, they leave a slight peripheral defocus.
This defocus is a leading factor in driving eye growth – so we see ever stronger prescriptions needed as myopic youngsters grow.
People with Myopia are at higher risk of serious eye conditions, and worryingly this risk increases as the myopia increases.
A great deal of research is focusing on effective ways to limit this progression.
Myopia usually starts and increases most during childhood, so taking steps to manage its progression as early as possible can reduce their future risks from these conditions.
Lifestyle adjustments: Reducing the intensity and duration of close work by taking regular breaks and spending more time outdoors, has been shown to reduce the rate of myopic progression.
Therapeutic management: Peripheral defocus spectacle or contact lenses (eg MiyoSmart, Stellest or MiSight 1 day) are innovative lenses designed to reduce the effects of peripheral defocus.
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